Continued from last week
Infectious arthritis is a form of joint inflammation caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Diagnosis is made by culturing the organism from the joint.
* Septic arthritis is caused by bacterial invasion.
* Tuberculous arthritis is caused by tuberculosis.
* Fungal arthritis results from infection by a fungus.
* Gonococcal arthritis occurs with those infected with gonorrhea.
* Viral arthritis is caused by viral infections.
Lyme disease is a serious tick-borne disorder. Lyme disease can affect the:
* nervous system
Reactive arthritis, also called Reiter’s syndrome, involves inflammation in the joints and sometimes where ligaments and tendons attach to bones. People with Reiter’s have arthritis and one or more of the following conditions:
* skin sores
Sjogren’s syndrome is characterized by dysfunction of the moisture-producing glands causing dryness of the mouth and eyes. Other parts of the body may also be affected, resulting in a wide range of symptoms.
Osteoporosis results in loss of bone tissue, leaving bones less dense and prone to fracture. Osteoporosis is a silent disease that can often be prevented.
* Raynaud’s Phenomenon (a disorder causing blood vessels to constrict)
* Polymyalgia Rheumatica (may also have giant cell arteritis)
* Mixed Connective Tissue Diseases (an overlap of several diseases)
* Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (causes debilitating jaw pain and dysfunction)
* Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (also called reflex sympathetic dystrophy)
* Behcet’s Disease (a chronic inflammatory disorder)
* Avascular Necrosis (also known as osteonecrosis)
* Inflammatory Bowel Disease (arthritis and osteoporosis are common complications)
* Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (causes calcification of the vertebrae)
* Vasculitides (disorders causing inflammation of blood vessels)