By Abhay Burande

Chemical Pink Eye forms when an irritating object enters the eye. The frequent causative irritants are:

*               sprays

*               smog

*               household cleaner

*               smoke

*               industrial pollutants

Bleach or furniture polish are extremely damaging agents. In their case, a doctor must be contacted immediately. As a general precept, using large amount of water to thoroughly wash the eyes is crucial.

Allergic Pink eye is a swelling of the conjunctiva. It occurs due to allergens present in the air or those entering the eye directly. This eye infection is not contagious. When there are red, itchy and watery eyes accompanied by a burning and scratchy sensation, this infection can be inferred.

Trachoma is a type of conjunctivitis that affects millions worldwide and is a prime reason for blindness. It involves an irreparable scarring of the cornea. It is one of the oldest recorded eye diseases and is prevalent in the developing world.

Blepharitis

This is an infection of the eyelids. It is also called granulated eyelids. In the initial stage, eye inflammation is seen but the condition progresses to infection. Itching, foreign object sensation, burning, excessive tearing, scratchiness and crusty debris around the eyelashes can be felt. Such a state can become chronic. If chronic, this eye infection cannot be cured. It can only be controlled by maintaining excellent hand and eye hygiene. The basic causes of Blepharitis are low hygiene, dry eyes or oily skin. So, the eyelids have to be scrubbed to get rid of oily secretions and prevent the formation of chalazions or styes in the eyelid. Some antibiotic ointment or eye drops are advised to apply at the base of the eye lashes at bedtime.

Keratitis

Fungal keratitis, as the name suggests, is caused by fungus. It is a serious and painful corneal disease. The occurrence of this disease amongst contact lens users is on the rise. The symptoms are as follows:

*               sudden blurred or fuzzy vision

*               red or irritated eyes lasting for a long time after contact lenses are removed

*               pain in and around the eyes

*               increase in the sensitivity to light

*               excessive eye tearing or discharge