SANTIAGO, Chile (Reuters) -China is seeking to replace the US as Latin America’s main trading partner and member states have signaled they are open to offers.
Chile’s foreign minister welcomed Chinese representatives to a meeting with Latin American and Caribbean countries, praising the Asian nation for rejecting protectionism as the United States backs away from global trade.
Representatives from China and the 33 members of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) are holding meetings in the Chilean capital, Santiago.
Foreign Minister Heraldo Munoz, who has criticized U.S. President Donald Trump in the past, told a news conference that Latin America could do a lot more to stimulate trade with China and called on its nations to take advantage of the talks to improve ties.
“We are in uncertain and complex times, and China is playing a very constructive role in addressing these complexities,” he said.
China has sought a bigger role overseas since Trump was elected, presenting its Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership trade agreement as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which was abandoned by the United States.
China sees it as “natural” to expand its westward infrastructure drive – the “One Belt, One Road” initiative – to Latin America, China’s foreign minister said in an interview with a local newspaper on Sunday.
“China wants the participation of all the countries of the region to be involved in the construction of the ‘One Belt, One Road’ … so they can share the great opportunities and dividends of this platform of global cooperation,” Minister Wang Yi said in an interview with El Mercurio.
Proposed in 2013 by President Xi Jinping, the project promotes a vision of expanding links between Asia, Africa and Europe, with billions of dollars in infrastructure investment.
China is already testing U.S. dominance in Latin America, offering the region $250 billion in investment over the next decade. It is the top trading partner of many countries in the region, including Brazil, Chile and Argentina.
In recent years, Chinese companies have moved away from merely buying Latin American raw materials and are diversifying into sectors like auto manufacturing, e-commerce and even technology businesses like car-hailing services.
Writing by Caroline Stauffer