Newly elected Colombian president Ivan Duque (C) celebrates with his family and supporters in Bogotá, after winning the presidential runoff election on June 17, 2018

 

BOGOTA, Colombia (BBC)- Conservative political newcomer Iván Duque has been elected president of Colombia. At a victory rally in the capital Bogotá, he pledged to unite the country following a divisive campaign.

But he said he wants to see changes to the historic but controversial peace deal agreed with Farc rebels in 2016.

Mr Duque, who won 54 percent of the vote, says he will overhaul the agreement that guaranteed the rebels seats in Congress and allowed them to contest elections.

He also says he will impose tougher punishments on crimes allegedly committed by the rebels during the brutal five-decade conflict with the government.

“With humility and honour, I tell the Colombian people that I will give all my energies to unite our country. No more divisions,” he told a crowd of jubilant supporters.

“I will not govern with hatred.”

Mr Duque is viewed as the business-friendly choice because he wants to cut taxes and boost investment, raising money by shrinking the state.

His running mate, Marta Lucía Ramirez, will become Colombia’s first female vice-president.

Fear of the left won out

Katy Watson, BBC Latin America correspondent, Bogotá

In conservative Colombia, it’s another win for the right. Rival Gustavo Petro put up a good fight and the fact that a left-wing candidate got to the second round was something Colombia hadn’t seen before.

The peace deal meant that left-wing politics became more acceptable and not associated with violence like in the past.

But in the end, the continued fear of the left in this country won out. Mr Duque was seen as the safer pair of hands to lead after more than 50 years of conflict.

With his campaign promise of changing the agreement struck with the Farc rebels, there’s a lot of uncertainty about what that will mean for the country’s prospects of long-term peace.

Voters in the country were presented with a stark choice between Mr Duque and the leftist ex-guerrilla Gustavo Petro.

Mr Petro’s campaign featured promises about creating a more equal society and ensuring people have access to health and education.

He also pledged to take on political elites and redistribute land to the poor.

But the former Bogotá mayor, who supports the peace deal, accepted defeat on Sunday evening.

“Eight million free Colombians taking a stand. There is no defeat here. For now we won’t be the government,” he said on Twitter.