Brazil Justice Minister Seeks Probe of Pres. Interference in Corona Fight

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Sergio Moro was seen as a key figure in the government


Brazil’s top public prosecutor has requested clearance to investigate allegations of political interference by President Jair Bolsonaro.

It comes after Justice Minister Sergio Moro resigned on Friday, accusing the president of wanting to install a new federal police chief who would provide him with intelligence reports.

Mr Bolsonaro denies the allegation.

The row has thrown his administration into turmoil as it struggles to address the coronavirus crisis.

Brazil has nearly 55,000 confirmed cases of the virus and more than 3,700 have died, according to Johns Hopkins University in the US.

Earlier this month, the president sacked his Health Minister Luiz Henrique Mandetta for his response to the coronavirus pandemic. The minister had advocated social distancing, which Mr Bolsonaro has scorned.

How did the row develop?

Brazil’s public prosecutor Augusto Aras has now asked the Supreme Court to allow an investigation into Mr Moro’s allegations against the president.

On Friday Mr Bolsonaro fired federal police chief Mauricio Valeixo – an ally of Mr Moro – without publishing a reason for the decision. He was replaced by Alexandre Ramagem, chief of the Brazilian Intelligence Agency.

Earlier, on Thursday, Mr Moro had threatened to resign if Mr Valeixo was removed but then said he would stay if he could choose his replacement.

However he resigned on Friday, describing Mr Valeixo’s sacking “without a genuine reason” as “political interference that harms my credibility and that of the government”.

What’s the allegation against Bolsonaro?

Mr Moro alleged that the president was meddling in federal police efforts to fight corruption.

He said Mr Bolsonaro had told him he was replacing Mr Valeixo to install someone with whom he had “personal contact, whom he could call, ask for information, intelligence reports”.

“Providing this type of information is not the job of the federal police,” he said.

Mr Moro also alleged Mr Bolsonaro had said one reason for ousting Mr Valeixo was that he was “worried” about some ongoing investigations.

Firing Mr Valeixo was also “a signal that the president wanted me out”, he added.

Mr Moro is a popular figure in Brazil. He is a former judge who oversaw the country’s biggest anti-corruption probe, which uncovered billions of dollars of bribes and led to the convictions of dozens of high-profile business leaders and politicians.

The sound of pot-banging protests rang out in cities across Brazil after his resignation was announced.

How has Bolsonaro responded?

In a televised address, the far-right president called the claims against him “baseless” and said he could choose who he wanted as federal police chief.

“The appointment is mine, the prerogative is mine and the day I have to submit to any of my subordinates I cease to be president of the republic,” Mr Bolsonaro said flanked by most of his cabinet in the presidential palace in Brasília.

He also accused Mr Moro of demanding a nomination to the supreme court in return for agreeing to Mr Valeixo’s replacement.

Mr Moro has denied this, saying it was “never used as currency in exchange for me being named to” the top court.

Blow to the Bolsonaro government

The departure of Jair Bolsonaro’s most popular minister is a blow to his government – Sergio Moro was a star minister. He was seen by his supporters as an anti-corruption crusader.

It is a departure that Jair Bolsonaro has clearly taken personally too, judging by his 45-minute television address on Friday afternoon. He recounted being snubbed by Mr Moro at the airport a few years ago, and accused him of not caring enough after he was stabbed during the campaign in 2018.

There is no doubt Mr Bolsonaro looks weaker now than ever – the events of Friday mark one of the most dramatic days in Brazilian politics in recent years.

Many are wondering who will be next – will the likes of Paulo Guedes, his economy minister and another star member of the cabinet, remain loyal or jump to save his reputation?

All this drama is distracting from a more urgent crisis – the number of coronavirus cases and deaths are rising ever faster each and every da

Who is Moro?

Seen as an anti-corruption crusader, Mr Moro was a star pick when Mr Bolsonaro asked him to join the government.

Mr Moro earlier oversaw a huge corruption probe known as Operation Car Wash, which exposed billions of dollars in bribes and ended in the jailing of many powerful businessmen and politicians, including leftist former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

He once said he “would never enter politics”, but later agreed to serve in Mr Bolsonaro’s cabinet in order to fight corruption and organised crime.

He was promised full autonomy for his department, which united the justice and public security portfolios in a so-called “super ministry”.

Brazil becoming coronavirus hot spot as testing falters

April 25, 2020
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A cross with the date 22-4-20 marks the burial site of Edenir Rezende Bessa, who is suspected to have died of COVID-19, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Wednesday, April 22, 2020. After visiting 3 primary care health units she was accepted in a hospital that treats new coronavirus cases, where she died on Tuesday. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)

RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) — Cases of the new coronavirus are overwhelming hospitals, morgues and cemeteries across Brazil as Latin America’s largest nation veers closer to becoming one of the world’s pandemic hot spots.

Medical officials in Rio de Janeiro and at least four other major cities have warned that their hospital systems are on the verge of collapse, or already too overwhelmed to take any more patients.

Health experts expect the number of infections in the country of 211 million people will be much higher than what has been reported because of insufficient, delayed testing.

Meanwhile, President Jair Bolsonaro has shown no sign of wavering from his insistence that COVID-19 is a relatively minor disease and that broad social-distancing measures are not needed to stop it. He has said only Brazilians at high risk should be isolated.

In Manaus, the biggest city in the Amazon, officials said a cemetery has been forced to dig mass graves because there have been so many deaths. Workers have been burying 100 corpses a day — triple the pre-virus average of burials.

Ytalo Rodrigues, a 20-year-old driver for a funerary service provider in Manaus, said he had retrieved one body after another for more than 36 hours, without a break. There were so many deaths, his employer had to add a second hearse, Rodrigues said.

So far, the health ministry has confirmed nearly 53,000 COVID-19 cases and more than 3,600 deaths. By official counts, the country had its worst day yet on Thursday, with about 3,700 new cases and more than 400 deaths, and Friday was nearly as grim.

Experts warned that paltry testing means the true number of infections is far greater. And because it can take a long time for tests to be processed, the current numbers actually reflect deaths that happened one or two weeks ago, said Domingos Alves, adjunct professor of social medicine at the University of Sao Paulo, who is involved in the project.

“We are looking at a photo of the past,” Alves said in an interview last week. “The number of cases in Brazil is, therefore, probably even greater than what we are predicting.”

Scientists from the University of Sao Paulo, University of Brasilia and other institutions say the true number of people infected with the virus as of this week is probably as much as 587,000 to 1.1 million people.

The health ministry said in a report earlier this month that it has the capacity to test 6,700 people per day — a far cry from the roughly 40,000 it will need when the virus peaks.

“We should do many more tests than we’re doing, but the laboratory here is working at full steam,” said Keny Colares, an infectious disease specialist at the Hospital Sao Jose in northeastern Ceara state who has been advising state officials on the pandemic rsponse.

Meanwhile, health care workers can barely handle the cases they have.

In Rio state, all but one of seven public hospitals equipped to treat COVID-19 are full and can only accept new patients once others have either recovered or died, according to the press office of the health secretariat. The sole facility with vacancy is located a two-hour drive from the capital’s center.

At the mouth of the Amazon, the city of Belem’s intensive-care beds are all occupied, according to online media outlet G1. As the number of cases rises in the capital of Para state, its health secretary said this week that at least 200 medical staff had been infected, and it is actively seeking to hire more doctors, G1 reported.

On Saturday, the city of Rio plans to open its first field hospital, with 200 beds, half reserved for intensive care. Another hospital erected beside the historic Maracana football stadium will offer 400 beds starting next month.

In Ceara’s capital, Fortaleza, state officials said Friday that intensive care units for COVID-19 patients were 92% full, after reaching capacity a week ago. Health experts and officials are particularly worried about the virus spreading into the poorest neighborhoods, or favelas, where people depend on public health care.

Edenir Bessa, a 65-year-old retiree from Rio’s working-class Mangueira favela, sought medical attention on April 20; she was turned away from two full urgent care units before gaining admission to a third located 40 kilometers (25 miles) away.

Hours later, she was transferred by ambulance almost all the way back, to the Ronaldo Gazzola hospital, according to her son, Rodrigo Bessa. Still, she died overnight, and he had to enter the hospital to identify her body.

“I saw a lot of bodies also suspected of (having) COVID-19 in the hospital’s basement,” said Bessa, a nurse at a hospital in another state.

The hospital released Edenir’s body with a diagnosis of suspected COVID-19, meaning that her death — like so many others — doesn’t figure into the government’s official tally. A small group of family members gathered for her burial on Wednesday, wearing face masks.

“People need to believe that this is serious, that it kills,” Bessa said.

Bolsonaro has continued to dismiss health officials’ dire predictions about the virus’s spread in the country. Last week, the president fired a health minister who had supported tough anti-virus measures and replaced him with an advocate for reopening the economy.

Bolsonaro’s stance largely echoes that of his counterpart and ally U.S. President Donald Trump, who has been stressing the need to put people back to work as unemployment figures reach Depression-era levels. Unlike Bolsonaro, however, Trump has moderated his skepticism about the virus.

The fight to reopen business “is a risk that I run,” Bolsonaro said at the swearing-in of his newly appointed health minister, Nelson Teich. If the pandemic escalates, Bolsonaro said, “it lands on my lap.”

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