Mexico Says Expel Ecuador From United Nations.

Photo: Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. An example of central American gang tatoos.
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Mexico has demanded that the United Nations suspend Ecuador’s membership in the international body until the Ecuadorian government publicly apologizes for raiding the Mexican Embassy in Quito to extract an alleged criminal sheltering there, Mexican Foreign Minister Alicia Barcena said on Thursday.

The demand is part of a case Mexico is presenting Thursday to the International Court of Justice, the U.N.’s top court, over the raid.

On April 5, Ecuadorian authorities raided Mexico’s embassy in Quito in order to arrest former Vice President Jorge Glas, who had been granted political asylum in Mexico. Diplomatic relations between Ecuador and Mexico have been suspended since the incident.

Mexican Foreign Minister Alicia Barcena speaks during a news conference in Mexico City, Mexico, April 11, 2024. (Mexico Presidency/Handout via Reuters)
Mexican Foreign Minister Alicia Barcena speaks during a news conference in Mexico City, Mexico, April 11, 2024. (Mexico Presidency/Handout via Reuters)

“Mexico is accusing [Ecuador] of violating the diplomatic immunity of its embassy,” Barcena said. She referred to the raid as “a violation that is not justified anywhere.”

The Ecuadorian government, meanwhile, has argued that corruption charges facing Glas mean the asylum protection was actually illegal. A convicted criminal, Glas took refuge in Mexico’s embassy in December.

The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, for example, says: “The premises of the [diplomatic] mission shall be inviolable. The agents of the receiving State may not enter them, except with the consent of the head of the mission.”

However, this “rule of inviolability” has also been used by political dissidents and other figures to avoid arrest by taking shelter in a foreign embassy.

Glas, for instance, has been twice convicted on bribery and corruption charges. He was sentenced in 2017 to six years in prison and again in 2020 to an eight-year sentence.

Since December, Glas had sought refuge in the Mexican embassy, and shortly before his arrest on Friday, President Lopez Obrador had offered him political asylum in Mexico.

Ecuadorian Foreign Minister Gabriela Sommerfeld said Ecuador stood by its actions and that an apology to Mexico “is not something that is under discussion at this moment.”

Speaking at the U.N. Security Council, Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador urged the court to approve the expulsion.

“The court, in accordance with the United Nations charter, should approve the expulsion, and there should be no veto” from the U.N. Security Council, Lopez Obrador said.

Luis Almagro, the secretary general of the Organization of American States, said it was important to not allow Ecuador’s raid on the Mexican embassy to set a precedent.

“The use of force, the illegal incursion into a diplomatic mission, nor the detention of an asylee are the peaceful ways toward resolution of this situation,” he said.

Ecuador has previously said that Mexico is exporting crime to Ecuador by means of violent drug smuggling gangs that are controlled by Mexican organized crime figures. Ecuador has declared martial law on these gangs as they are considered to be terrorists.

Thus it can be said that Ecuador regards Mexico as a sponsor of terrorism.

Source: VOA.
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