Setting Limits and Staying Safe: Teens Sound Off on Being ‘Social-Network Smart’

Young person enjoying the use of social media in the company of a parent.
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Bella Garcia’s social media home page is a veritable menagerie of birds, beasts, and
bugs. In one post, the teen’s pet lizard, Cholula, chows down on a dandelion; in another,
Dakota, her German Shepherd, leaps to catch a snowball.

But while the posts keep the Houston 16-year-old connected with friends who live far
away, her social media experience hasn’t always been positive. When dealing with health
problems in recent years, the teen spent hours each day on social media, often feeling
frustrated and left out.

“It was affecting my productivity and my sleep, and I had some depressive episodes,” she
said. “I wasn’t the best version of myself.”

She’s not alone. A 2018 Pew Research Center study found that 97% of teens use social
media, with some 45% admitting to being online “almost constantly.” A number of studies
have linked increased social media use with higher levels of teen anxiety and depression.

When hours spent scrolling through posts began to affect his schoolwork, Baruch
Murphy, 19, realized he’d become addicted. “It’s instant gratification, the same as with
any other kind of drug,” said the Mountain View, California, teen.

Another online resource, though, helped both teens regain and maintain their balance: “Be
Social-Network Smart,” a free educational video on, the official website of
Jehovah’s Witnesses.

“Social media is a powerful tool that can accomplish good when used responsibly or
cause great damage when it is misused,” said Robert Hendriks, spokesperson for the
Christian organization. “Like any other powerful tool put in the hands of someone
inexperienced, training is needed, not just for teens, but also for parents. We’ve made a
real effort to provide resources on that will help people make smart choices when
using social media.”

One of the tips Baruch made his own from the video? “I have a rule: I only follow people I
personally know,” he said.

He also set alerts on his phone to notify him when it’s time to close social media apps. “If
you don’t set limits, there will be no limits,” he said.

Journei White, 18, of Houston, used the same method after realizing she, too, was having
trouble putting down her phone.

“As soon as I got a ‘ding,’ I had to look at it,” she said. “One post turned into another, and I
found myself losing track of time. I had to take a step back and set boundaries.”

When choosing what to share, Journei began to follow what “Be Social-Network Smart”
terms the “front page rule.”

“Certain things might be nice to share with a few people,” she said, “but I wouldn’t want
them on the front page of a newspaper. I try to think about that any time I post on social

She took to heart the video’s safety reminders, too, like waiting till she’s home from a trip
to post vacation pictures and keeping personal information private.

Concerns for his privacy and the good reputation he’s worked hard to build led 18-year-
old John Joseph Gonzalez to opt out of social media entirely.

“In the ‘Be Social-Network Smart’ video, it said posting on the Internet can be like writing
in permanent ink,” said the Fort Myers, Florida, teen. “I never want to look back on one
little post that wasn’t the smartest and be ashamed.”

John Joseph said steering clear of social media hasn’t isolated him; it’s made him more
sociable — and happier too.

“It’s forced me out of my comfort zone and helped me make real friends in person,” he
said. “Whether you have social media or not, it’s just as possible to be a good friend.”

Other free resources to help evaluate the impact of technology use on friendships, family
life and more are available on, featuring content in more than 1,000 languages.

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