Remains of migrant inflatable dinghy

Boris Johnson renews calls for France to agree to joint patrols along its coast, while Emmanuel Macron urges UK not to politicise the flow of migrants

Volunteer sea rescue organisation Societe Nationale de Sauvetage en Mer (SNSM) boat arriving at Calais harbour
Boris Johnson ‘appalled and deeply saddened’ after 31 people die in Channel – video

Guardian- British and French leaders have traded accusations after at least 27 people died trying to cross the Channel in the deadliest incident since the current migration crisis began.

In a phone call with Boris Johnson on Wednesday night, French president Emmanuel Macron stressed “the shared responsibility” of France and the UK, and told Johnson he expected full cooperation and that the situation would not be used “for political purposes”, the Élysée said.

Thirty-four people were believed to be on the boat when it sank on Wednesday, leading to what the International Organisation for Migration said was the biggest single loss of life in the Channel since it began collecting data in 2014. Two survivors are in intensive care.

The British prime minister renewed calls for France to agree to joint police patrols along the Channel coast, and said Wednesday’s incident highlighted how efforts by French authorities to patrol their beaches “haven’t been enough”.

“We’ve had difficulties persuading some of our partners, particularly the French, to do things in a way that we think the situation deserves,” he said on Wednesday. “I understand the difficulties that all countries face, but what we want now is to do more together – and that’s the offer we are making.”

The French have previously resisted UK offers to send police and Border Force agents to mount joint patrols amid concerns about the implications for national sovereignty.

Macron also called for an emergency meeting of European government ministers and an immediate funding boost for the EU’s border agency, Frontex. France’s government is holding an emergency meeting on Thursday morning to discuss next steps.

A damaged inflatable dinghy and a sleeping bag abandoned by migrants on the beach near Wimereux, France.
Dinghy deaths tragedy brings home our hostility to the world’s desperate

“France will not let the Channel become a cemetery,” Macron said.

The French interior minister, Gérald Darmanin, called for coordination with the UK, saying “the response must also come from Great Britain”.

The House of Commons is set to hold a debate on “the numbers of migrants arriving in the United Kingdom illegally by boat” just before midday on Thursday, according to a recently released parliamentary schedule.

Speaking on Newsnight, immigration compliance minister Tom Pursglove confirmed Johnson had renewed a previous offer for UK police and Border Force officers to take part in joint patrols with the French, and said the last incident showed the two countries needed to deepen their cooperation.

“The prime minister and President Macron have had exactly that discussion this evening. That is something that I am very keen to see happen,” he said. “It is the case that in the past we have offered to host and to help with joint patrols. I think that could be invaluable in helping to address this issue. I really do hope that the French will reconsider that offer.”

A man wheels a gurney into a warehouse in the Port of Calais, France, where it is believed the bodies of migrants are being transported after recovery from a boat which capsized off the French coast
A man wheels a gurney into a warehouse in the Port of Calais, France, where it is believed the bodies of migrants are being transported after recovery from a boat which capsized off the French coast Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA

A spokesperson for Johnson said the two leaders had agreed to the urgency of stepping up joint efforts to prevent the deadly crossings. They also highlighted the importance of working closely with Belgium and the Netherlands, as well as other countries across the continent.

The mayor of Calais, Natacha Bouchart, said it was the British who were to blame and called on Johnson to “face up to his responsibilities”. “The British government is to blame. I believe that Boris Johnson has, for the past year-and-a-half, cynically chosen to blame France,” she said, according to French media reports.

The Channel is one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes and currents are strong. Human traffickers typically overload the dinghies, leaving them barely afloat and at the mercy of waves as they try to reach British shores.

Both countries cooperate to stem migration across the Channel but also accuse each other of not doing enough – and the issue is often used by politicians on both sides pushing an anti-migration agenda.

A young boy is helped by a Border Force officer as a group of people are brought to Dungeness, Kent, by the RNLI following a small boat incident in the Channel on 20 November.
Why Channel tragedy is unlikely to soften Tory approach

Darmanin told a news conference in Calais those who died in Wednesday’s tragedy included five women and a girl. He said the boat that sank had been “very frail”, and compared it to “a pool you blow up in your garden”.

He said 34 people were believed to have been on before it sank and it was not clear what country the victims originally came from.

Four suspected traffickers have been arrested, two of whom later appeared in court, he said.

Refugee charities called on the government to save lives by opening safe routes for asylum seekers to apply to come to the UK without taking to the sea.

Enver Solomon, the chief executive of the Refugee Council, said: “How many tragedies like this must we see before the government fundamentally changes its approach by committing to an ambitious expansion of safe routes for those men, women and children in desperate need of protection?

“Every day, people are forced to flee their homes through no fault of their own. Now is the time to end the cruel and ineffective tactic of seeking to punish or push away those who try and find safety in our country.”

An emergency search was sparked at about 2pm on Wednesday when a fishing boat sounded the alarm after spotting several people at sea off the coast of France.

The latest deaths follow others reported but unverified in the Channel in recent weeks, amid a record number of people attempting the crossing. On 11 November, a total of 1,185 people arrived in England by boat, the most in a single day.

More than 25,700 people have made the dangerous journey to the UK in small boats this year – three times the total for the whole of 2020, according to official figures.

It was widely expected that the number of crossings would reduce in the winter. Instead, bigger boats have been used to bring people to the UK in greater numbers.

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Channel deaths: UK calls for smuggler crackdown after 27 people drown

By Dulcie Lee
BBC News

The UK is determined to smash the “evil” business model of people traffickers, an immigration minister has said, after 27 people drowned crossing the Channel on Wednesday.

Kevin Foster said the UK, France and rest of Europe must tackle the problem together, following the biggest single loss of life in the Channel on record.

Five people have been arrested in connection with the fatal crossing.

Five women and a girl were among the dead, France’s interior minister said.

Gerald Darmanin also said two people had been rescued and one was missing.

It was earlier reported 31 people had died, but the total was revised down overnight into Thursday.

Mr Foster told BBC Breakfast ruthless criminals were sending people into the Channel’s dangerous waters on flimsy boats without proper equipment.

“Those who organised that boat yesterday would have just viewed these people… who passed away, as just a profit-making opportunity,” he said.

The alarm was raised on Wednesday after a fishing boat crew spotted several people in the sea off the coast of France.

The International Organization for Migration said it was the worst single loss of life in the Channel since it began collecting data in 2014.

Boris Johnson said he was “appalled” by the tragedy, adding the UK would leave “no stone unturned” to stop human trafficking gangs.

The UK prime minister said on Wednesday that while the UK and France had agreed more needed to be done, there had been “difficulties” persuading the French “to do things in a way that we think the situation deserves”.

Speaking after an emergency government Cobra meeting on Wednesday, Mr Johnson said it was clear French attempts to stop the migrant boats leaving “haven’t been enough”.

He said he hoped the French would find a renewed offer of joint patrols along the French Channel coast “acceptable”.

Meanwhile, French officials said Mr Macron had told Mr Johnson “he was expecting the British to co-operate fully, and that they abstain from instrumentalizing a tragic situation for political purposes”.

The UK has pledged to pay France €62.7m (£54m) during 2021-22 to help increase police patrols along its coastline, boost aerial surveillance and increase security infrastructure at ports.

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Analysis

By Simon Jones, BBC News reporter in Dover

Despite yesterday’s deaths in the Channel, the crossings have continued this morning. Around 40 migrants have been brought to Dover by the lifeboat charity the RNLI.

It’s windy on the water and extremely cold – but the determination to get to the UK remains as strong as ever.

The task is now under way to establish the identities of the people who died. That may prove problematic, as many migrants take to the water without any paperwork.

Another key concern is why their boat sank – was it overloaded, was the sea too rough, or could it have been hit by a passing ship?

The French authorities have described the boat as very flimsy.

In previous years, crossings tend to fall dramatically in autumn. That hasn’t happened this year.

That’s because the route has become so lucrative for the people smugglers who charge migrants around £3,000 each to get on a boat.

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Mr Macron said France would not let the Channel become a “cemetery”. Since the start of 2021, he said, 1,552 smugglers had been arrested in northern France and 44 smuggler networks dismantled.

Despite this, 47,000 attempted Channel crossings to the UK took place this year and 7,800 migrants rescued, Mr Macron added.

Home Secretary Priti Patel will speak to her French counterpart later to discuss their response to the tragedy.

A number of people are believed to have reached the UK in small boats on Wednesday, with people seen being brought ashore in Dover by immigration officials.

It comes amid record numbers of migrants making the crossing from France to the UK.

The Dover Strait is the busiest shipping lane in the world and has claimed many lives of people trying to cross in inflatable dinghies.

It is thought at least 10 other people had died in the past few weeks while attempting to make it.

Chart showing numbers of migrants crossing the Channel in small boats to 2021