Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in 1987, but the US walked away from the deal on Friday
Daily Mail- A landmark nuclear arms control treaty that President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed three decades ago is dead, prompting fears of a new global arms race.
Current President Donald Trump killed it accusing Russia of violating the treaty.
If they choose not to extend or replace the larger New START treaty when it expires in early 2021, there will be no legally binding limits on the world’s two largest nuclear arsenals for the first time in nearly a half century.
America blames Russia for violating the treaty by developing this 9M729 cruise missile, and says that tearing up the deal is necessary so it can counter the threat
The U.S. blames Russia for the demise of the treaty, saying that for years Moscow has been developing and fielding weapons that violate the treaty and threaten the U.S. and its allies, particularly in Europe.
But without the constraints of the treaty, the Trump administration says it can now counter Russia – and China.
The U.S. has complained for years of an unfair playing field because China was not a signatory to the deal and was therefore free to develop weapons which America could not.
President Donald Trump hasn’t committed to extending or replacing New START, which imposed limits starting in 2018 on the number of U.S. and Russian long-range nuclear warheads and launchers.
Trump has called New START ‘just another bad deal’ made by the Obama administration, and Trump’s national security adviser, John Bolton, said in June that it’s unlikely the administration will agree to extend the treaty for five years, which could be done without legislative action in either capital.
The Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty, signed in 1987, effectively ended the Cold War by halting a nuclear arms race between the Soviet Union and US.
Under terms of the deal, both powers agreed not to develop or field anything but the most destructive nuclear weapons – intercontinental ballistic missiles.
President Trump has also mulled walking away from the New START treaty, which is due for renewal in 2021. If that falls through, there would be no limits on the world’s two biggest nuclear powers for the first time in half a century
It was hoped this would reduce the risk of nuclear war, since neither country would be willing to use their largest weapons for fear of their destructive power.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said this week that the collapse of the treaty means a bit of security in Europe is being lost.
‘We regret the fact that Russia has not done what was necessary to save the INF treaty. Now we call all the more on Russia and the U.S. to preserve the New START treaty as a cornerstone of worldwide arms control,’ Maas said.
‘Nuclear powers such as China must also face up to their responsibility on arms control – they have more weight in the world than at the time of the Cold War.’
Arms control advocates remain worried about the future.
Laura Kennedy, who formerly represented the U.S. at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, warned Americans not to let their eyes glaze over when confronted with the complex diplomacy of arms control.
She said they should raise the issue now with Congress and all candidates running for the White House in 2020.
‘This isn’t `wonkiness.’ It’s our future and the future of the planet,’ Kennedy said. ‘Nuclear issues are so consequential that we simply cannot abandon a serious arms control effort. Nor can the U.S. afford to cite its concerns over INF or other issues as an excuse to let the New START treaty lapse.’
Over its lifetime, the 1987 so-called INF treaty led to the elimination of 2,692 U.S. and Soviet Union nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles. Until its demise, the treaty banned land-based missiles with a range between 500 and 5,500 kilometers (310 to 3,410 miles).
David Wright, co-director of the Global Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists, said withdrawing from the treaty was ‘shortsighted.’ He said it will trigger a competition in conventionally armed missiles that will undermine stability.
America has also complained that the deal hampers its ability to counter threats from China, which was never a signatory to the deal (pictured, a Chinese guided missile destroyer)
Wright also noted Russia’s has complained about U.S. missile systems in Poland and Romania. Wright said they are intended to launch interceptor missiles in defense, but appear to be capable of launching offensive cruise missiles as well.
‘To claim the United States is justified in pulling out of the treaty because of Russian violations does not take the full picture into account,’ said Wright, who accuses the Trump administration of being averse to any negotiated agreements that constrain U.S. weapons systems.
Former national intelligence director Dan Coats, however, told Congress late last year that intelligence officials believed it was Russia that no longer wanted to be constrained by the INF treaty as it modernized its military with precision-strike missiles ostensibly designed to target critical military and economic sites in Europe.
He said the U.S. thought Russia’s objective all along was to keep the U.S. tethered to the deal while it quietly built and deployed missiles that violated the treaty and threatened Europe.
U.S. officials first raised its concerns that Russia was violating the treaty during the Obama administration and said Moscow spent six years rebuffing U.S. efforts to prod it back into compliance.
In February, Trump determined that Moscow was in material breach of the treaty and the U.S. suspended its own obligations under the treaty. That started a six-month clock to get Russia back into compliance – time that ran out on Friday.